1. Many individuals and organizations work to protect out physical environment. Threats to our cultural environment also exist. How can a culture be threatened? Do you think we should have the same level of concern for endangered languages and cultures as we do for endangered species?
Culture seems to be an important variable especially among the fewer developed countries of Africa where culture dictates the direction of human behavior and relation with one another. We are living in a world where technology is taking toll and controlling a large proportion of the human aspect (O’Neil para.4). Technology has brought about globalization whereby the world is like a small village, and people are assimilating as well as embracing whatever technology flung at them. Technology, in this case, acts as a threat to culture since some of the cultures disappear in the process. This is because people shift to the technology used by developed countries. Most of the people from the less developed countries are moving to work in the European countries in the name of greener pastures available and the ideology of improved technology application unlike in their native countries.
Apparently, countries in Africa and some parts of Asia, there is endangerment when it comes to their language due to the high immigration rates to the developed countries like America. A language defines who exactly we are because without a language culture would be less imperative (Stern 32). We need to have high concern for the increased assimilation of the “global language that is English. English serves as the primary language in the formal sector and so cannot be written off entirely but, on the other hand, people have the responsibility of ensuring that their languages remain intact. Nonetheless, language and culture do not serve a big purpose in the 21st century where globalization is the driver for most economies of the world. The endangering of languages need not raise any alarm because with or without language we will still be the same and no significant change experienced (Wardhaugh, para.7). Languages and culture have no role to play in the way the world should operate or determine the economic output. Countries emphasizing the importance of language and culture instead of commercial production seems to be lagging behind and not unless they concentrate less on the same they will still be held back.
2. Analyze and discuss the organization and persuasive strategies Wiwa uses. Make a chart that documents paragraphs 1-7, or 12-16 topic, purpose, rhetorical devices and persuasive strategies. Evaluate the effectiveness of the organization and persuasive strategies Wiwa has used.
Persuasive strategies employed by WIWA especially, emphasis makes the ideology of culture and language more comprehensive, and one can draw relevance from the same. To make it more efficient, the author employs examples and even metaphors in the story making it more appealing. It is important to note that the story is quite elaborate and easier to draw conclusions and argue on either side, positive or negative.
The aspect of culture and language is diminishing, and it is only us, especially the younger generation that stands a chance of ensuring that the above imperative variables in our society are not eroded. On the other hand, culture and language are not essential commodities in our world. Most of us have our lives intact despite letting go of the various languages and culture. Economic concepts are what drive us to greater heights, and people need to embrace on the importance of improving their living conditions rather than dwelling on matters, not adding economic value. African countries need to let go off sluggish cultures demeaning their lives where mostly the female gender is an apparent victim of harsh culture. Language, on the other hand, is a bit more important than culture despite the two acting as complementary. Nonetheless, culture and language is not entirely meaningless, and the African countries need to start embracing their respective cultures and owning their languages. Though briefly, language and culture is both a necessity depending on a nation and insignificant as well.
Stern, H.H.(2009). Fundamental Concepts of Language Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wardhaugh, R. (2002). An Introduction to Social Linguistics (Fourth Edition). Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
O’Neil, D. (2005). Language and Culture: An Introduction to Human Communication. Retrieved from http://anthro.palomar.edu/language/language_6.htm/>